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Chapter Two

Pusher II

By Brett Ballard-Beach

October 13, 2011

We prefer to call it The Girlfriend Experience.

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The plot in each film hinges on a random unexpected incident (a twisted ankle, a knock on a hotel room door) that sets off ever-enlarging ripples of disturbances in the day-to-day drug dealing habits of the characters. I can’t say I ever felt relaxed enough to laugh (not necessarily a criticism) but Refn deals in a succession of rueful ironies that, once accumulated, almost approximate the antithesis of screwball comedy, without necessarily spreading over into deadpan territory.

From what I gather, Refn had no intention to repeat himself, or continue the story of these particular characters, but the abject commercial failure of his English language debut Fear X in 2003 led to the bankruptcy of his film studio and the need to return to his first (and at that point most popular and successful) film. I don’t know if I can necessarily recommend any of the Pusher films without reservations, but I admire Refn’s aversion to making a gonzo action sequel with Pusher II, to up the ante on the first film in order to insure success, and his refusal to continue the story of low-level dealer Frank, whose ultimate whereabouts are never accounted for.




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Along the same lines, Refn refuses to build to a manufactured climax of summation in Pusher III in order to tie it all together with some grand statement. As with Kieslowski’s Three Colors trilogy (which Pusher shares some parallels to), it is not necessary to see all the films in order to understand a larger picture, or watch them in chronological order. Several of the characters appear in multiple films with drug lord Milo, the protagonist in Pusher III, playing a significant supporting role in the first two.

What Refn does with Pusher II is particularly bold in that he chooses not to focus more closely on the two most fascinating and enigmatic characters from Pusher, Milo and his chief enforcer Radovan (who in the fine tradition of chief enforcers is both fiercer than the boss, and not without a sense of humor or heart). The story’s arc concerns Tonny - the partner/sidekick/tagalong of Frank - who is just out of prison, with vague wishes to avoid repeat incarceration, but a complete inability to stay on the straight and narrow path. Through his alignment with the sketchy and unreliable Curt (the Cunt), Tonny winds up in a position of indebtedness similar to the clusterfuck Frank experienced, but with the added heartache that comes from being the n’er-do-well son of a local crime legend - The Duke - who never misses a chance to ridicule Tonny or heap love on his much younger son, sired by a local prostitute, while his former wife and Tonny’s mother has been long shuttled out of the picture.

These family dynamics - that were absent from the first film but play a major part here and in Pusher III - most likely result from Refn’s foray into fatherhood and marriage in the intervening decade. There is a fascinating parallel between Tonny and Milo’s stories in the two films, The former struggles to prove himself worthy to a father who will never accept him while discovering that he became a dad himself while in jail, while the latter finds himself helpless at the hands of his grown daughter as he plans her 25th birthday. The criminal world can be savage, Refn suggests, but fatherhood, and the tenuous ties of parent and child relationships, is where the real carnage lies. It is also where the only hope for some kind of redemption can be located.


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